Demography

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Estimated resident population of Mauritius as at 31st December 1994 ( Central Statistical office)

IslandBoth Sexes MaleFemale Area ( Km2)Density (persons per Km2)
Island of Mauritius 1,082,972542,222 540,7501,864.8 581
Island of Rodrigues 34,67817,271 17,407104.0 333
Other Islands170 9080 71.22
Republic of Mauritius 1,117,820559,583 558,2372,040.0 548


Population Growth in intercensal periods 1851-1990

( Central Statistical Office)

Census DatePopulation enumerated at census date Density per Km2 Average Annual rate of increase (%)
1851181,31892 ….
1861310,743158 5.91
1871317,150161 0.20
1881361,305184 1.31
1891372,656189 0.31
1901374,185190 0.04
1911373,620190 -0.02
1921383,069195 0.25
1931401,440204 0.47
1944431,070219 0.55
1952514,748261 2.24
1962699,954356 3.12
1972850,968432 1.97
1983999,945508 1.48
19901,056,660537 0.79

Note that during the fifties and sixties there was a considerable increase in the population due to the eradication of malaria and better sanitary conditions. Whereas the high annual rate of increase during the 1850's was due to immigration of indentured labour from India.

Population enumerated at each census by community Republic Of Mauritius 1962-1990

( Central Statistical Office)

Year Of CensusCommunity Population
1962Total Population 699954
Hindu344,622
Muslim110,404
Chinese23,436
General Population221,492
1972Total Population 850,968
Hindu428,345
Muslim137,171
Chinese24,373
General Population261,079
1983Total Population 999,945
1990Total Population 1,056,660

Note: As from 1983, no question on community was asked.

The term "General Population" encompasses people of African and/or European origin.

Over the period from 1985-1990, the average annual rate of increase has been around 0.7% indicating a population reaching a point of stability.

Last Update: Thursday, January 22, 1998